Berkeley architecture essay competition - effects of bullying essay


 

Manage



 
 

Search

 
 
 

News

 

Comments

berkeley architecture essay competition

berkeley architecture essay competitionBerkeley architecture essay competition -Most important, there must be strong, government-supported economic incentives to the private sector, as well as to universities and local government to develop the concept. This migration is largely caused by the plight of the farmer.Our experts create writing masterpieces that earn our customers not only high grades but also a solid reputation from demanding professors.Constructing the ideal vertical farm with a far greater yield per square foot will require additional research in many areas – hydrobiology, engineering, industrial microbiology, plant and animal genetics, architecture and design, public health, waste management, physics, and urban planning, to name but a few.Other health risks to farmers include acute exposure to toxic agrochemicals (e.g., pesticides and fungicides) (26), bites from noxious wildlife (27), and trauma injuries (28, 29).create an environment that encourages sustainable urban life, promoting a state of good health for all those who choose to live in cities.Modern agriculture employs a multitude of chemical products, and exposure to toxic levels of some classes of agrochemicals (pesticides, fungicides) have created other significant health risks that are only now being sorted out by epidemiologists and toxicologists.Farming is an occupation fraught with a wide variety of health risks (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20).Consensus among demographers regarding estimates of the rate at which the global human population will increase is difficult to achieve, but most agree that over the next 50 years, the number will increase to at least 9.2 billion (30).A large portion of the harvest, regardless of the kind of plant or grain, is despoiled or a portion consumed by a variety of opportunistic life forms (i.e., fungi, bacteria, insects, rodents) after being stored.Climate change regimens (39) will surely complicate an already complex picture with respect to predicting crop yields (40, 41).In addition, other elements conspire to take away from the harvest for which we worked so hard to produce.As far as is known, none have been constructed as multi-story buildings.Without an alternative strategy for dealing with just this one problem, social chaos will surely replace orderly behavior in most over-crowded countries.Introduction As of 2004, approximately 800 million hectares of land were in use for food production – approximating an area equivalent to Brazil (1), and allowing for the harvesting of an ample food supply for the majority of a human population approaching 6.3 billion.Despite the best application of modern agricultural practices, an unavoidable portion of what is grown rots in the fields prior to harvest time, or in the world’s storage bins afterwards.We guarantee the authenticity of your paper, whether it's an essay or a dissertation.Farming catalyzed our transformation from primitive hunter-gatherers to sophisticated urban dwellers in just 10,000 years.One solution involves the construction of urban food production centers – vertical farms – in which our food would be continuously grown inside of tall buildings within the built environment.Every year, depending upon geographic location and intensity of El Niño events, crops suffer from too little water and wither on the spot, or are lost to severe flooding, hailstorms, tornados, earthquakes, hurricanes, cyclones, fires, and other destructive events of nature.Cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and other large farm animals seem to fall well outside the paradigm of urban farming.berkeley architecture essay competitionAs if that were no enough to be concerned about, it is predicted that over the next 50 years, the human population is expected to rise to at least 8.6 billion, requiring an additional 10 hectares to feed them using current technologies, or roughly the size of Brazil.However, raising a wide variety of fowl and pigs are well within the capabilities of indoor farming.What is proposed here that differs radically from what now exists is to scale up the concept of indoor farming, in which a wide variety of produce is harvested in quantity enough to sustain even the largest of cities without significantly relying on resources beyond the city limits.Agrochemicals, particularly fertilizers, are used in almost every major farming system regardless of location (8), largely due to the demand, year in and year out, for cash crops that extract more nutrients from the substrate that it can provide.Expected benefits of vertical farming Year-round crop production in a protected, managed environment: The main advantages of vertical farming are summarized in Table 2.For example, some 8,000 to 10,000 years ago, the fertile, silt-laden soils of the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys were rapidly degraded below minimum food production limits due to erosion caused by intensive farming and mis-managed irrigation projects that were often interrupted by wars and out-of-season flooding events (4).The advantages of farming are obvious enough from a human perspective, but even our earliest efforts caused irreversible damage to the land.Other benefits of vertical farming include the creation of a sustainable urban environment that encourages good health for all who choose to live there; new employment opportunities, fewer abandoned lots and buildings, cleaner air, safe use of municipal liquid waste, and an abundant supply of safe drinking water.Their use has become routine in many situations, particularly in factory farms.The promise of jobs and comfort, glamour and glitter, “pulls” people to cities.These land-use estimates include grazing lands (formerly grasslands) for cattle, and represents nearly 85% of all land that can support at least a minimum level of agricultural activity.Many of them are zoonotic and their life cycles would not normally include humans were it not for encroachment, an activity driven by the need to expand farming into the natural landscape (13).Working within the framework of these calculations, one vertical farm with an architectural footprint of one square city block and rising up to 30 stories (approximately 3 million square feet) could provide enough nutrition (2,000 calories/day/person) to comfortably accommodate the needs of 10,000 people employing technologies currently available.That quantity of additional arable land is simply not available.As the result, transmission rates of numerous infectious disease agents have dramatically increased- influenza, rabies, yellow fever, dengue fever, malaria, trypanosomiasis, hookworm, schistosomiasis – and today these agents emerge and re-emerge with devastating regularity at the tropical and sub-tropical agricultural interface.eliminate the need for large-scale use of pesticides and herbicides; 9.break the transmission cycle of agents of disease associated with a fecally-contaminated environment; 7.Spoilage would be greatly reduced, since crops would be sold and consumed within moments after harvesting.take advantage of abandoned and unused urban spaces; 6.Thus, the poorest people – some 1.1 billion – are forced to live in a constant state of starvation (43), with many thousands of deaths per year attributable to this wholly preventable predicament (44). berkeley architecture essay competition “ People move to the city for various reasons, but the most significant reason is economic—when a city’s economy is prospering it attracts people.High-rise food-producing building will succeed only if they function by mimicking ecological process, namely by safely and efficiently re-cycling everything organic, and re-cycling water from human waste disposal plants, turning it back into drinking water. If these conditions can be realized through an on-going, comprehensive research program, urban agriculture could provide an abundant and varied food supply for the 60% of the people that will be living within cities by the year 2030 (32).Vertical farming practiced on a large scale in urban centers has great potential to: 1.Don't waste your time and order our essay writing service today!Our experienced writers are professional in many fields of knowledge so that they can assist you with virtually any academic task.When delegating your work to one of our writers, you can be sure that we will: If your deadline is just around the corner and you have tons of coursework piling up, contact us and we will ease your academic burden.It has been estimated that it will require approximately 300 square feet of intensively farmed indoor space to produce enough food to support a single individual living in an extraterrestrial environment (e.g., on a space station or a colony on the moon or Mars)(35).Even after a bumper crop is realized, problems associated with processing and storage lessen the actual tonnage that is available to the consumer.Japan, Scandinavia, New Zealand, the United States, and Canada have thriving greenhouse industries.Nonetheless, there is at present a wide variety of produce available, and in quantity (table 3), for those that can afford it.Since there is essentially no high quality land remaining for this purpose, it seems obvious that a major crisis of global proportion may well be looming on the very near horizon.Numerous infectious disease agents (e.g., schistosomes, malaria, geohelminths) take advantage of a wide variety of traditional agricultural practices (irrigation, plowing, sowing, harvesting), facilitating their transmission (Table 1) (21, 22, 23, 24, 25).Limited resources (food, water, and shelter) are some of the major causes for civil unrest and war throughout the world.To mount a counter-offensive, we have invented pesticides and herbicides.Numerous commercially viable crops (e.g., strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, herbs, and spices) have seen their way to the world’s supermarkets in ever increasing amounts over the last 15 years.Most of all, we are proud of our dedicated team, who has both the creativity and understanding of our clients' needs.It has re-arranged the landscape in favor of cultivated fields at the expense of natural ecosystems, reducing most natural areas to fragmented, semi-functional units, while completely eliminating many others. This singular invention has facilitated our growth as a species to the point now of world domination over the natural world from which we evolved.It is reasonable to expect that as the human population continues to grow, so do these problems.Produce would be available to city dwellers without the need to transport it thousands of miles from rural farms to city markets.Other food items that have been commercialized by indoor farming include freshwater fishes (e.g., tilapia, trout, stripped bass), and a wide variety of crustaceans and mollusks (e.g., shrimp, crayfish, mussels). berkeley architecture essay competition The vertical farm is a theoretical construct whose time has arrived, for to fail to produce them in quantity for the world at-large in the near future will surely exacerbate the race for the limited amount of remaining natural resources of an already stressed out planet, creating an intolerable social climate.Significant deviation (e.g., drought or flood) for more than several weeks from conditions necessary for insuring a good yield has predictable, negative effects on the lives of millions of people dependent upon those items for their yearly food supply (37, 38).provide a major new role for agrochemical industries (i.e., designing and producing safe, chemically-defined diets for a wide variety of commercially viable plant species; 10.In 2003, nearly 33 million head of cattle were produced in the United States, alone (3) In order to support this large a scale of agricultural activity, millions of hectares of hardwood forest (temperate and tropical), grasslands, wetlands, estuaries, and to a lesser extent coral reefs have been either eliminated or severely damaged with significant loss of biodiversity and wide-spread disruption of ecosystem functions.remediate black water creating a much needed new strategy for the conservation of drinking water; 5.Currently, maximizing crop production takes place over an annual growth cycle that is wholly dependent upon what happens outside – climate and local weather conditions.Furthermore, we ensure confidentiality of your personal information, so the chance that someone will find out about our cooperation is slim to none. When it comes to essay writing, an in-depth research is a big deal.allow large tracts of land to revert to the natural landscape restoring ecosystem functions and services; 3.allow year-round food production without loss of yields due to climate change or weather-related events; 8.safely and efficiently use the organic portion of human and agricultural waste to produce energy through methane generation, and at the same time significantly reduce populations of vermin (e.g., rats, cockroaches); 4.In addition, farming produces a wide variety of feed grains for many millions of head of cattle and other species of domesticated farm animal (2).Today, primitive farming practices continue to produce massive loss of topsoil (5, 6), while excluding the possibility for long-term carbon sequestration in the form of trees and other permanent woods plants (7).Ironically, many millions of people living predominantly throughout the tropics and sub-tropics are severely malnourished, while living within countries many of which export large amounts of agricultural products destined for the markets of the developed world.Abstract The advent of agriculture has ushered in an unprecedented increase in the human population and their domesticated animals.If vertical farming in urban centers becomes the norm, then one anticipated long-term benefit would be the gradual repair of many of the world’s damaged ecosystems through the systematic abandonment of farmland.Most of these operations are small when compared to factory farms, but unlike their outdoor counterparts, these facilities can produce crops year-round.These diseases take a huge toll on human health, disabling large populations, thus removing them from the flow of commerce, even in the poorest of countries.We write essays, research papers, term papers, course works, reviews, theses and more, so our primary mission is to help you succeed academically.There are also “push” factors: droughts or exploitation of farmers can cause extreme rural poverty and that “pushes” people out of the country-side” (33, 34). Farming indoors is not a new concept, per se, as greenhouse-based agriculture has been in existence for some time.The latter two risk categories are particularly common among “slash and burn” subsistence farmers. berkeley architecture essay competition Constructing the ideal vertical farm with a far greater yield per square foot will require additional research in many areas – hydrobiology, engineering, industrial microbiology, plant and animal genetics, architecture and design, public health, waste management, physics, and urban planning, to name but a few. berkeley architecture essay competition




Status: FreeWare
OS: Windows|Mac OS
Autors 1612
Update: 26-Nov-2017 18:06
Cat: Home »